Psychology

GPs get a fee for referring a client to a psychologist.

Psychology is used in long-term treatment of mental illness and to help clients conduct an intensive and extensive examination of their psychological history.

Psychology focuses on helping clients understand their lives in a profoundly reflective manner.

Although psychology may use many of the same techniques as those used in counselling, it goes much deeper in an attempt to uncover the root cause of problems. For example, childhood abuse may result in deep-seated convictions of inferiority or anger.

The goal of the psychologist in these cases is to free the client from unconscious triggers or impulses through increasing the client’s self-awareness and control.

Practice Differences

Counsellors typically work in fields such as marriage and family counselling, drug and alcohol rehabilitation, or career and guidance fields. They may be found in mental health clinics, child and aged centres, youth welfare or marriage guidance services.

Psychologists have practical and research skills that may be applied in many fields, including health, education and management. They may work with both mentally ill and emotionally healthy clients who need help understanding behavioural problems.

In addition to performing direct clinical psychotherapy, psychologists may work as behavioural scientists, in human resource management, marketing and clinical research. Their work settings include private practice, hospitals, schools, laboratories and universities and consulting firms.

Counsellors and psychologists often collaborate when serving patients. Again, remember that psychologists may use counselling techniques as well as psychotherapy.